Unclear delineation of the roles of state agencies in managing waste has made a mess of sorting and collecting trash in Vietnam. Vietnam is sorting trash in four different ways and one type of trash is put under the eyes of up to six ministries.
Vietnam still lacks clear rules on sorting and recycling trash. The country produces 25.5 million tons of waste per year, of which 75 percent is buried. Several burial sites in major cities like Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City and Da Nang are overloaded and negatively affecting citizens’ lives.