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Agriculture and Fishing

The role of agriculture in VietnamThe agriculture sector plays a crucial role in Vietnam’s economy and society. In Vietnam, the sector includes crop production, livestock, fisheries, and forestry. Vietnam’s tropical climate, fertile soil, abundant water supply and rich biodiversity means that after 40 years of ...

Population and Census

Vietnam’s population and housing census is conducted every ten years and begins on April 1st. The country has conducted five population and housing censuses since the revolution in 1975, specifically in April of 1979, 1989, 1999, 2009 and 2019.89 The fifth population and housing census ...

Land classifications

Land ConsolidationLand in Vietnam is divided into extremely small parcels by world standards. The average agricultural landholding is 1,560 square meters per capita, which is less than one-third of standard holdings in Thailand or Cambodia. Up to 70% of rural households have land use rights ...

Poverty policy and regulation

The National Targeted Program on New Rural Development – 10 years review and way forwardIntroductionIn Vietnam, rural development is nearly synonymous with agricultural sector development. Agriculture itself is crucial in Vietnamese policy, as it forms the backbone of the country’s economy. Thus, rural development has ...

Economy and commerce

1. BackgroundVietnam declared independence in 1975 after more than 1000 years of colonization, war and conflict. At this point, Vietnam was one of the world’s poorest countries. However, in a period of 15 years, Vietnam transformed from an agricultural-based society into a transitioning lower-middle income ...

Ethnic minorities and indigenous people policy and rights

IntroductionThe Vietnamese Government recognizes 53 ethnic minorities271 Other counts suggest the existence of more than 90 groups, amounting to approximately 10 million people, or nearly 10% of Vietnam’s population.272 Most ethnic minorities inhabit remote areas of Vietnam and have their own belief systems which are ...

Ethnic minorities and indigenous people

IntroductionVietnam is considered a multi-ethnic country, made up of 54 ethnic groups. The Kinh ethnic group makes up 85.4% of Vietnam’s population, or 78.32 million people. The remaining 53 ethnic groups make up only 14.6% of the country’s population (see Table 1).333Although Vietnam voted in ...

Pandemics

Coping with the COVID-19 Pandemic in VietnamVietnam recorded the country’s first COVID-19 cases on January 23, 2020. As of April 27, 2020, there were 270 confirmed cases.A regularly updated dataset on cases of COVID-19 in Vietnam with an interactive map by ODV based on the ...

Sustainable Development Goals

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), also known as the Global Goals, are universal targets designed to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity in each UN member state by 2030. They are intended to continue the progress made ...

Rivers and lakes

Vietnam surface water system includes all of the water in rivers, streams, lakes, ponds, and wetlands, as well as the ocean, in which river water resources are the most important that are widely used in livelihood and production. River near Sa Pa, Vietnam, a frontier town and ...

Climate Change

Climate Change (CC) is the change in weather, and related patterns of oceans, land, surface, and ice sheets such as temperature, ice melt, and sea level rise. While CC has historically been a natural occurrence, current CC is believed to be caused by human activities ...

Development and assistance for ethnic minorities and indigenous people

Vietnam’s civil society and ethnic minoritiesIntroductionIn Vietnam, ethnic minorities are supported by a network of non-governmental organizations, known as “civil society”. Civil society includes international non-governmental organizations (INGOs), Vietnamese mass organizations, Vietnamese umbrella organizations, Vietnamese NGOs (VNGOs), community-based organizations (CBOs), and professional organizations, although professional ...

Water resources

Water resources in Vietnam are quite diverse, comprising both natural and artificial water bodies. The countries water resources are under increasing pressure from over-exploitation due to increased irrigation demand, urban and industrial development, as well as concentrated areas of increasing population. 617 Ensuring national water security is ...

State Public Land

State Forest LandDuring revolution and national unification, the Vietnamese government nationalized agricultural and forest land throughout the country. While agricultural land was de-collectivized in the Đổi mới reforms since the mid-1980s, the majority of forest and forest land has continued to be managed by state ...

Drought

The New Normal: Mekong Delta faces droughts and saltwater intrusion1. The SituationVietnam’s Mekong Delta is the third-largest delta on Earth and home to nearly 18 million people, whose livelihoods rely mainly on agricultural and aquacultural production. Considered the “Rice Bowl” of Vietnam, the Delta supports ...

Forests and Forestry

The Government of Vietnam considers forests an important ecological resource, valuable for the socio-economic development and well-being of communities throughout the country. Forests play a major role in adapting to climate change as well as in regular environmental functions such as preventing erosion and maintaining ...

Communal Land

Customary and Communal Land PracticesCustomary practices of land use are established patterns of behavior that are locally recognized in rules and customs, either oral or written 844. Unlike national laws and policies, customary practices (sometimes called “customary law”) are developed and adapted over time by ...

Forest policy and administration

Key LawsCircular No. 34/2009 / TT-BNNPTNT on the criteria for determining and classifying forests (2009)Decree No.117/2010/ND-CP on Organization and Management of the Special-Use Forest System (2010)Land Law (2013)Law on Forestry (2017)—replaced Law on Forest Protection and Development (2004)Classifying Forest LandAll land and the natural resources ...

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