Communal Land

Customary and Communal Land PracticesCustomary practices of land use are established patterns of behavior that are locally recognized in rules and customs, either oral or written 1. Unlike national laws and policies, customary practices (sometimes called “customary law”) are developed and adapted over time by ...

Land classifications

Land ConsolidationLand in Vietnam is divided into extremely small parcels by world standards. The average agricultural landholding is 1,560 square meters per capita, which is less than one-third of standard holdings in Thailand or Cambodia. Up to 70% of rural households have land use rights ...

State Public Land

State Forest LandDuring revolution and national unification, the Vietnamese government nationalized agricultural and forest land throughout the country. While agricultural land was de-collectivized in the Đổi mới reforms since the mid-1980s, the majority of forest and forest land has continued to be managed by state ...


Vietnam’s 0.3 hectare of agricultural land per person is among the lowest in the world. Vietnam’s Constitution holds that land and other natural resources are "public property, owned by all the people..." Vietnamese law does not recognize customary forms of tenure, and communities (villages) do ...

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