Environment and natural resources

Forest policy and administration

Key LawsCircular No. 34/2009 / TT-BNNPTNT on the criteria for determining and classifying forests (2009)Decree No.117/2010/ND-CP on Organization and Management of the Special-Use Forest System (2010)Land Law (2013)Law on Forestry (2017)—replaced Law on Forest Protection and Development (2004)Classifying Forest LandAll land and the natural resources ...

Forests and Forestry

The Government of Vietnam considers forests an important ecological resource, valuable for the socio-economic development and well-being of communities throughout the country. Forests play a major role in adapting to climate change as well as in regular environmental functions such as preventing erosion and maintaining ...

Climate Change

Climate Change (CC) is the change in weather, and related patterns of oceans, land, surface, and ice sheets such as temperature, ice melt, and sea level rise. While CC has historically been a natural occurrence, current CC is believed to be caused by human activities ...

Rivers and lakes

Vietnam surface water system includes all of the water in rivers, streams, lakes, ponds, and wetlands, as well as the ocean, in which river water resources are the most important that are widely used in livelihood and production. River near Sa Pa, Vietnam, a frontier town and ...

State Public Land

State Forest LandDuring revolution and national unification, the Vietnamese government nationalized agricultural and forest land throughout the country. While agricultural land was de-collectivized in the Đổi mới reforms since the mid-1980s, the majority of forest and forest land has continued to be managed by state ...

Water resources

Water resources in Vietnam are quite diverse, comprising both natural and artificial water bodies. The countries water resources are under increasing pressure from over-exploitation due to increased irrigation demand, urban and industrial development, as well as concentrated areas of increasing population. 1 Ensuring national water security is ...

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